Since the Earth’s expansion isn’t symmetric, one would expect latitudinal changes of continental blocks. The southern hemisphere contains a larger portion of oceanic lithosphere. The distance between India and Antarctica is quite big – Antarctica is located at the south pole whereas India is recently located on the northern hemisphere of the Earth.
The continental crust is adapting to the underlying spheres with slowly changing volume, which, due to the expansion asymmetry, led to a ‘move’ of India to the north. The ‘move’ was with fixed roots and thus India was always connected with Asia. There was no collision.
I already discussed the topic on Quora:
One can also easily ask – Why did the Earth create a perfect and long ‘garage’ inside Eurasia? Eurasia was prepared perfectly so that India could fit it perfectly, is it just a huge coincidence? Does the nature of plate tectonics work as a perfect machine preparing perfect ports for distant continents over the tens of million years?
Here we can have a look at the ‘garage’ from the best map of the ocean floor we have ever had:
Some paleomagnetic data can be found for example in the paper from Wentao Huang et al. (2015) in Geophysical Research Letters:
suggests that India’s NE corner was at least at 50°S.
Herndon’s Nuclear Planet
J. Marvin Herndon came with an idea that Earth was a Jupiter-like planet in his speculative manuscript in 2005. He tries to unify the plate tectonics theory (with subduction without mantle convection) and the expanding Earth theory. He accepts the ‘conventional geological eras’ (life on Earth older than 180 Ma) and doesn’t explain why did the rapid expansion begin approximately 180 million years ago. His explanation for Earth’s heat and geomagnetic field is done via ‘georeactor’. Herndon doesn’t provide any geometrical fit of continental blocks in Pacific. You can read more on his webpage:
Mocquet et al. – The First Steps in 2014
The first steps towards understanding of exoplanetary gas giant cores relaxation was made by the scientists Mocquet, Grasset and Sotin in 2014. Here I cite from their paper:
‘Data extracted from the Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia (see http://exoplanet.eu) show the existence of planets that are more massive than iron cores that would have the same size. After meticulous verification of the data, we conclude that the mass of the smallest of these planets is actually not known. However, the three largest planets, Kepler52b, Kepler-52c and Kepler-57b, which are between 30 and 100 times the mass of the Earth, have indeed density larger than an iron planet of the same size. This observation triggers this study that investigates under which conditions these planets could represent the naked cores of gas giants that would have lost their atmospheres during their migration towards the star.’
The authors showed that exoplanets could relax when getting back to more ordinary densities. You can find their paper here:
I met Petr Rajlich, a Czech geologist from the South Bohemian Region, in 2010 during a geological student contest. He told me about his geological ideas that were sometimes really very different from the mainstream. For the first time, I heard about the possibility that Earth might be expanding or that most of the Czech Republic could be a relic of a meteorite hit (Czech Crater).
Petr has an interesting idea that not only a meteorite hit the region of Bohemia, but also influenced the rocks by a physical phenomenon of ultrasonic cavitation (Rajlich’s Hypothesis).
In 2010, I also published a paper together with Petr and Vaclav Benes. I found an interesting monazite sample in Pisek pegmatites with Vaclav and decided to discuss the topic with Petr. Finally, we produced a short paper:
The lamellae inside quartz that were for the first time described by Petr as ‘cavitation lamellae’ or ‘wavefronts’ are a subject of hot debates. There exist various versions of their origin:
- Ultrasonic cavitation due to a meteorite hit,
- zonal growths or
- tensile fractures.
In 2014, I produced a short study together with a colleague from the Technical University in Munich Erwin Isaac Alvarez Polanco. I cite from Wikipedia: ‘It can be assumed that according to high number of wavefronts transferred through the minerals and resulting high number of cavity implosions, the structure of quartz was partially disrupted during the fluidization and the distribution of prevailing pressure was respected during the transfer into a solid state. There could be then preferred a creation of denser quartz in the area of higher pressure. This means a creation of smaller basic molecular Si-O rings. The situation in the area of lower pressure could be opposite. A finding of such harmonic signature of the quartz density is considered to be an option for the hypothesis verification.’ So we decided to make few simple models of quartz with periodic density distribution. And to propose few ways of its future probing. Here you can find our poster:
As I am dealing with the chthonian theory, I decided to ask scientists whether they have an evidence for ‘conventional’ fossil ages they publish. It is a big surprise for me to find out that they probably haven’t. My question on ResearchGate reached already 300 reads and there is no relevant answer.
You can find it here:
I am still waiting for the answers. I thought that it will be easy to provide any evidence, but it seems that it is harder than expected.
Why do I actually ask? According to the chthonian theory, Earth had an icy sarcophagus and started to expand rapidly approximately 180 million years ago. The loads from the ice were rather unsuitable for living organisms to evolve or arise. The same with high gravity.
My first public lecture about the connection between the continental edges of the northern Zealandia and western South America will be held on 20 December 2017 at the Charles University in Prague. I will talk about the basic relations of the Earth’s lithosphere, motions measurements and also Earth’s chthonian origin (icy sarcophagus, solar luminosity, other bodies). Everybody is welcome!
Where? Vinicna 5, Prague, Czech Republic